AU: 3.0
Programme: NIE

Describes the landforms and processes operating along the land-sea interface as well as in the oceans. Challenges facing coastal and ocean environments. Topics covered include the evolution of coastal landforms, history of sea level changes and shoreline response, current state of the coastal and ocean environment and coastal management initiatives. Particular attention will be given to the coastal environments of the Straits of Malacca and the Singapore Straits and in field techniques.