AU: 4.0
Programme: CSC(CE)

Introduction: Components of distributed systems, communication technologies, communication services. Distributed algorithms and protocols: examples of distributed algorithms, clock synchronization, logical and vector clocks, election algorithms, consensus algorithms, proof of correctness, complexity analysis. Distributed operating systems: system models, file services, name services, process synchronization and coordination, case studies. Distributed shared memory: algorithms for implementing DSM, coherence protocols. Distributed resource management: load sharing, load balancing, resource monitoring. Failure recovery and fault tolerance: check-pointing, recovery, fault-tolerant models and protocols. Research issues in distributed systems, real-time protocols, standardization issues, cluster and grid computing.